The approach originated in India in 2005 where it is known as ASER (meaning ‘impact’). In 2008, Pakistan adopted this approach by the same name – ASER Pakistan. In 2009, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda joined the network and called their initiative Uwezo (which means ‘capability’). In 2011, Mali joined with the name Bɛɛkunko (meaning ‘we are in it together’). Senegal followed shortly afterwards with Jàngandoo (meaning ‘learn together’). In Mexico, the effort started in 2014 and is called Medición Independiente de Aprendizajes (MIA) (meaning ‘independent measurement of learning’). In, 2015 Nigeria joined the family and named their assessment ‘LEARNigeria’ short for ‘Let’s Assess, Engage and Report Nigeria’. In 2015, The Institute of Informatics and Development (IID) in partnership with BRAC piloted their citizen-led assessment in Bangladesh.